SEIAA – TAMIL NADU
Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India notified in September 2006, under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, imposing certain restrictions and prohibitions on new projects or activities, or on the expansion or modernization of existing projects or activities based on their potential environmental impacts, being undertaken in any part of India, unless prior Environmental Clearance has been accorded in accordance with the objectives of National Environmental Policy and the procedures specified in the notification, by the Central Government or State or Union Territory Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA), to be constituted by the Central Government in consultation with the State Government or the Union Territory Administration concerned.
Projects falling under Category ‘A’ in the Schedule to the Notification requires Environmental Clearance from the Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests and at State level the State Environment Impact Assessment Authority for matters falling under Category ‘B’, depending upon the thresholds of the activities.
The Notification provides for constitution of a State Environment Impact Assessment Authority empowered to grant Environmental Clearance to mitigate pollution and protect environment which is an essential pre-requisite in the process of starting a project. To assist this Authority, a State Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC) is constituted. The Expert Appraisal Committee will scrutinize the projects and forward its recommendations to the State Environment Impact Assessment Authority for taking a decision on granting Environmental Clearance.
On the recommendations of the Government of Tamil Nadu, Government of India notified, vide S.O 417 (E) on 3rd March 2008, the constitution of a three member State Environment Impact Assessment Authority and a 14 Member State Expert Appraisal Committee for Tamil Nadu for a term of three years. The Authority and the Committee thus constituted functioned with effect from 19th March 2008 to 2nd March 2011. On a proposal from the Government of Tamil Nadu for reconstitution of the SEIAA and SEAC for the State, the Government of India reconstituted a three member State Environment Impact Assessment Authority and a nine member State Expert Appraisal Committee for Tamil Nadu for a term of three years vide S.O 731 (E) on 4th April 2012. The reconstituted Authority and Committee have started functioning with effect from 12.04.2012.
Project proposals in the state under Category ‘B’ of the schedule in the EIA Notification 2006 and amended thereon are being received by the State Environment Impact Assessment Authority, scrutinized and referred to the State Level Expert Appraisal Committee for their appraisal. Based on the recommendations of the State Experts Appraisal Committee, the State Environment Impact Assessment Authority is deciding the issue of Environment Clearance.